Folic acid is an essential and indispensable aid for the baby during pregnancy.

It belongs to the group of vitamins B (which are the vitamins involved in human metabolism) and the function of these vitamins are that of strong>preventing neural tube defects, that is, those problems that may affect the the spinal cord or the brain.

Folic acid is also very useful to take, and is recommended by doctors, before conception of pregnancy and in the early weeks of gestation, since it is at the beginning when the fetus is formed.

This is due to the fact that in the first four weeks of gestation the first four weeks of gestation could lead to neural tube defects , which means that possible neuronal alterations occur before the mother knows she is pregnant.

Next, we’re going to tell you everything you need to know about folic acid and when to start taking it.

What is the neural tube?

The neural tube is the part of the embryo from which the baby’s brain and spinal cord are formed, and it is from here that it begins to take shape during the first month of pregnancy.

During the formation process, if there was any type of anomaly in the baby, such as (if not completely closed) they strong>could prevent defects in both the spinal cord and the brain.

The two most frequent anomalies that usually exist as a neural tube defect are the strong>spina bifida and anencephaly (open spine).

Also other types of congenital defects that tend to occur because the body does not have enough folic acid are the cleft lip, cleft palate and some heart problems.

What amount is adequate?

The first thing that is recommended is to take a vitamin complex of 400 micrograms of folic acid , always as part of a healthy diet.

Include rich in folic acid such as (flour, pasta, bread, rice, and cereals) and also be rich in folate, i.e. natural folic acid found naturally in some foods such as green leafy vegetables, legumes, or oranges, should and should be included in this diet.

We must take into account that our strong>organism absorbs approximately 50% of the folate > containing food , on the other hand, absorbs 85% of folic acid present in fortified foods , thus absorbing 100% of folic acid from vitamin supplements.

Summarizing, which is much better not to cook this type of food because lose all its properties and vitamins.

How does folic acid prevent congenital defects?

folic acid prevents neural tube defects , as most published studies suggest it may be because strong>corrects nutritional deficiencies.

The supplement of strong>folic acid helps people to compensate genetic traits characteristics that prevent them from taking advantage of all the folate in their diet.

And these traits may pose an additional risk for pregnant women to have babies with neural tube defects.

for pregnant women.

How long does it take to take?

At least you should strong>take folic acid during the first trimester of pregnancy , but it is recommended today to continue taking it during the rest of the pregnancy. In fact, for breastfeeding, folic acid is also ingested.

(congenital material) as cells multiply.

Cell division could be affected without adequate intake of folic acid, as well as insufficient development of the fetus and/or placenta.

What quantity is needed?

Not all women need to take the same amount of folic acid. For example. If a woman has had a neural tube defect during her pregnancy, she should consult her doctor before the next pregnancy to find out how much folic acid she needs to take.

It should be taken into account that if a woman suffers or has ever suffered from diabetes, epilepsy or obesity, she should know that she is at greater risk of her baby suffering from neural tube defects , so it would be best in these cases to consult her doctor to find out if they should take more folic acid.

It is more advisable to take folic acid in the morning, on an empty stomach, which absorption is greater than if taken at any other time of the day. It is also recommended to do it accompanied by a citrus drink and another food rich in vitamin C and to avoid, if possible, the simultaneous intake of coffee or tea.

Other benefits of folic acid

In addition to everything that provides the intake of folic acid is also important for the health of all really, as it plays an important role in the production of red blood cells.

People who develop a type of anemia called “megaloblastic anemia” is due to folic acid deficiency.